Sodium valproate and pregnancy
Important information for girls and young women
- Please read this information carefully and keep it somewhere safe so that you can read it again. You may want to discuss it with your friends or family.
- Further information about how to take sodium valproate can be found on www.medicinesforchildren.org.uk/sodium-valproate-preventing-seizures
Sodium valproate is a highly effective medicine for the treatment of epilepsy.
It is vital that you do not become pregnant while taking sodium valproate because it can harm a developing baby.
You can discuss contraception with your doctor, epilepsy team, or family planning services – make sure they know that you are taking sodium valproate.
If there is any chance you might be pregnant, contact your doctor or nurse as soon as possible.
Do not stop taking sodium valproate, as you may have more seizures.
Sodium valproate is also known as valproic acid and by the brand names Convulex®, Epilim®, Epilim Chrono®, Epilim Chronosphere®, Episenta®, Epival® and Orlept®.
Why mustn’t I become pregnant while taking sodium valproate?
- Sodium valproate can cause physical harm to a developing baby.
- The baby may develop spina bifida, in which the spine does not develop properly.
- The face and skull may not form properly, resulting in cleft lip and palate.
- The arms and legs, heart, kidneys, urinary tract and sex organs may not develop properly.
- The baby may also have developmental problems after birth.
- Their development may be delayed, so that they walk or talk later than would be expected.
- They may have low intelligence, memory problems, or poor language skills, with difficulty in speaking and understanding.
- They may have an increased risk of childhood autism spectrum disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
How do I make sure that I don’t become pregnant?
- If you are sexually active, it is vital that you use contraception to protect against becoming pregnant.
- You can discuss contraception with your epilepsy team, your doctor or family planning services.
- You are at risk of becoming pregnant even if you don’t have periods, so it is vital that you use contraception when having sex.
What should I do if I think I might be pregnant?
- Talk to an adult you trust and contact your doctor or nurse straightaway for advice and support.
- Continue to take your medicine in the meantime.
Can I take a different medicine?
- Several medicines are used to treat epilepsy of different types; however, some of these may also have harmful effects on developing babies.
- You should discuss your medicine with your healthcare team.
Who to contact for more information
Your doctor, epilepsy nurse or pharmacist will be able to give you more information about sodium valproate and other medicines used to treat epilepsy.
- England - NHS 111
- Scotland - NHS 24
- Wales/Galw lechyd Cymru - NHS Direct
- Northern Ireland - NI Direct
- Young Epilepsy Helpline
01342 831 342
- Epilepsy Society Helpline
01494 601 400
- Epilepsy Action Helpline
0808 800 5050
Version 1, March 2017. © NPPG, RCPCH and WellChild 2011, all rights reserved. Reviewed by: March 2020.
The primary source for the information in this leaflet is the British National Formulary for Children. For details on any other sources used for this leaflet, please contact us through our website, www.medicinesforchildren.org.uk
We take great care to make sure that the information in this leaflet is correct and up-to-date. However, medicines can be used in different ways for different patients. It is important that you ask the advice of your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure about something. This leaflet is about the use of these medicines in the UK, and may not apply to other countries. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), the Neonatal and Paediatric Pharmacists Group (NPPG), WellChild and the contributors and editors cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of information, omissions of information, or any actions that may be taken as a consequence of reading this leaflet.