Risedronate for brittle bones
Risedronate for brittle bones
This leaflet is about the use of risedronate for the treatment of brittle bones in children. This may be due to ostegenesis imperfecta or other forms of osteoporosis.
This leaflet has been written specifically for parents and carers about the use of this medicine in children. The information may differ from that provided by the manufacturer. Please read this leaflet carefully. Keep it somewhere safe so that you can read it again.
It is important that you follow the instructions on how to give risedronate.
Name of drug
Brand names: Actonel®, Actonel Once a Week®
Why is it important for my child to take this medicine?
Risedronate will help to make your child’s bones stronger so that they are less likely to break (fracture).
What is risedronate available as?
- Risedronate tablets: 5 mg (yellow); 30 mg (white)
- Actonel Once a Week® tablets: 35 mg (orange)
When should I give risedronate?
- Risedronate tablets are given once each day. This should be in the morning. Ideally this should be as soon as your child gets up. Give the medicine at about the same time each day so that this becomes part of your child’s daily routine, which will help you to remember.
- Actonel Once a Week® tablets are given once each week. This should be the same day each week. To help you remember, choose a day when your child has a regular activity such as a swimming lesson, or a favourite television programme. It may be helpful to write the day down in a diary or on a calendar.
How much should I give?
Your doctor will work out the amount of risedronate (the dose) that is right for your child. The dose will be shown on the medicine label.
It is important that you follow your doctor’s instructions about how much to give.
How should I give it?
There is a risk that risedronate can damage the food pipe (oesophagus) if your child does not take it correctly. It is important that you follow these instructions to avoid this risk.
Risedronate tablets are best taken in the morning once your child is out of bed, and at least 30 minutes before they have their first food or drink of the day.
- Your child should swallow the tablet whole with a large glass of water (150 mL).
- Your child should not lie down for 30 minutes after taking the tablet.
- If your child takes risedronate as soon as they get up in the morning, they should not have anything to eat or drink for at least 30 minutes after taking the tablet. If they are thirsty they can have some more water.
- Your child can have the risedronate tablet at another time of the day if this is more convenient, but in this case, they should not have any food or drink (except water) for 2 hours before or after taking the medicine.
- They should not take the tablet at bedtime.
When should the medicine start working?
It will take several months for your child’s bones to get stronger. You are unlikely to see any difference in your child, although they may have less bone pain.
What if my child is sick (vomits)?
- If your child is sick less than 30 minutes after having a dose of risedronate, give them the same dose again.
- If your child is sick more than 30 minutes after having a dose of risedronate, you do not need to give them another dose. Wait until the next normal dose.
What if I forget to give it?
Risedronate tablets: If you forget to give risedronate first thing in the morning, it can be given later in the day, as long as this is at least 12 hours before the next dose is due. Your child must not have anything to eat or drink for 2 hours before or after taking the risedronate if they take it later in the day. They must not take it at bedtime.
Actonel Once a Week® tablets: Give the missed dose when you remember and then continue to give it once a week, starting one week after you give the missed dose. Your child must not have anything to eat or drink for 2 hours before or after taking the risedronate (30 minutes if you give it first thing in the morning).
What if I give too much?
You are unlikely to do harm if you give an extra dose of risedronate by mistake. If you concerned that you may have given too much, contact your doctor or NHS Direct (0845 4647 in England and Wales; 08454 24 24 24 in Scotland). Have the medicine or packaging with you if you telephone for advice.
Are there any possible side-effects?
We use medicines to make our children better, but sometimes they have other effects that we don’t want (side-effects).
Side-effects you must do something about
If your child has severe pain in the upper part of their stomach or chest, or a burning pain when they swallow hot drinks or after eating, they may have an inflammation in their oesophagus (food pipe). Contact your doctor straight away.
Other side-effects you need to know about
- Your child may get stomach pain and feel sick (nausea) or be sick (vomit) and may get diarrhoea or constipation (difficulty doing a poo) when they first start taking risedronate. This should settle down as their body gets used to the medicine. If it is still a problem after a week, contact your doctor.
- Your child may get headaches and feel dizzy or light-headed, especially when they stand up. Encourage them to stand up slowly, and to sit or lie down if they feel dizzy or light-headed.
- Your child may get flu-like symptoms (headache, aches and pains) when they first start taking risedronate. Contact your doctor if you are worried.
Can other medicines be given at the same time as risedronate?
- You can give your child medicines that contain paracetamol or ibuprofen, unless your doctor has told you not to.
- If your child takes any mineral or vitamin supplements that contain iron or calcium, give these at a different time of day from risedronate. Leave a gap of at least 2 hours between giving risedronate and the supplement.
- If your child takes antacids, give these at a different time of day from risedronate. Leave a gap of at least 2 hours between giving risedronate and the antacid.
- Check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving any other medicines to your child. This includes herbal or complementary medicines.
Is there anything else I need to know about this medicine?
- Your doctor may suggest that your child has a bone biopsy (a small piece of bone is taken under anaesthetic) before starting treatment with risedronate.
- Your child will probably have a special scan called a DXA every 6 months while taking risedronate, to see how well it is working.
- Your child may also have an X-ray of their skeleton once a year to check how the size and shape of their bones has changed while taking risedronate.
General advice about medicines
- Try to give medicines at about the same times each day, to help you remember.
- If you are not sure a medicine is working, contact your doctor but continue to give the medicine as usual in the meantime. Do not give extra doses, as you may do harm.
- Only give this medicine to your child. Never give it to anyone else, even if their condition appears to be the same, as this could do harm.
- If you think someone else may have taken the medicine by accident, contact your doctor for advice.
- Make sure that you always have enough medicine. Order a new prescription at least 2 weeks before you will run out.
- Make sure that the medicine you have at home has not reached the ‘best before’ or ‘use by’ date on the packaging. Give old medicines to your pharmacist to dispose of.
Where I should keep this medicine?
- Keep the medicine in a cupboard, away from heat and direct sunlight. It does not need to be kept in the fridge
- Make sure that children cannot see or reach the medicine.
- Keep the medicine in the container it came in.
Who to contact for more information
Your child’s doctor, pharmacist or nurse will be able to give you more information about risedronate and about other medicines used to treat brittle bones.
Version 1.2, September 2011 (November 2011). © NPPG, RCPCH and WellChild 2011, all rights reserved. Reviewed by: September 2013.
The primary source for the information in this leaflet is the British National Formulary for Children. For details on any other sources used for this leaflet, please contact us through our website, www.medicinesforchildren.org.uk.
We take great care to make sure that the information in this leaflet is correct and up-to-date. However, medicines can be used in different ways for different patients. It is important that you ask the advice of your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure about something. This leaflet is about the use of these medicines in the UK, and may not apply to other countries. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), the Neonatal and Paediatric Pharmacists Group (NPPG), WellChild and the contributors and editors cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of information, omissions of information, or any actions that may be taken as a consequence of reading this leaflet.