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Mycophenolate mofetil for nephrotic syndrome
Mycophenolate mofetil for nephrotic syndrome
This leaflet is about the use of mycophenolate mofetil (referred to as mycophenolate in this leaflet) to prevent episodes of nephrotic syndrome.
This leaflet has been written specifically for parents and carers about the use of this medicine in children. The information may differ from that provided by the manufacturer. Please read this leaflet carefully. Keep it somewhere safe so that you can read it again.
Name of drug
Mycophenolate mofetil (you may see this shortened to MMF)
Brand name: CellCept®
Why is it important for my child to take this medicine?
Your doctor may recommend this treatment if your child’s nephrotic syndrome doesn’t get better with steroid treatment or keeps coming back. Mycophenolate mofetil should help to make the nephrotic syndrome get better (go into or stay in remission).
What is mycophenolate available as?
- Capsules: 250 mg (blue/brown)
- Tablets: 500 mg (lavender)
- Liquid medicine: 1 g (1000 mg) in 5 mL
When should I give mycophenolate?
- Mycophenolate is usually given twice each day, once in the morning and once in the evening. Ideally, these times are 10–12 hours apart, for example sometime between 7 and 8 am, and between 7 and 8 pm.
- Your doctor may tell you to give it once each day. This is usually in the morning.
Give the medicine at about the same time(s) each day so that this becomes part of your child’s daily routine, which will help you to remember.
How much should I give?
Your doctor will work out the amount of mycophenolate (the dose) that is right for your child. The dose will be shown on the medicine label.
Your child’s doctor or nurse will measure how much protein is in their urine (wee), measure how well their kidneys are working and test their blood to make sure the dose is correct.
It is important that you follow your doctor’s instructions about how much to give.
How should I give it?
Tablets and capsules should be swallowed with a glass of water, milk or juice. Your child should not chew the tablets or capsules.
Liquid medicine: Measure out the right amount using a medicine spoon or oral syringe. You can get these from your pharmacist. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon, as it will not give the right amount.
When should the medicine start working?
It will take 2–4 weeks for mycophenolate to start working although you will not see any difference in your child. The aim is to increase the time that your child’s nephrotic syndrome stays in remission, so it will take some time to know if it has helped. Your child may get side-effects from the medicine before it starts to work. It is important that they continue to take the medicine to give it time to work.
What if my child is sick (vomits)?
- If your child is sick less than 20 minutes after having a dose of mycophenolate, give them the same dose again.
- If your child is sick more than 20 minutes after having a dose of mycophenolate, you do not need to give them another dose. Wait until the next normal dose.
What if I forget to give it?
- If you usually give it twice a day: If you remember up to 4 hours after you should have given a dose, give your child the missed dose. For example, if you usually give a dose at about 7 am, you can give the missed dose at any time up to 11 am. If you remember after that time, do not give the missed dose. Just give the next dose as usual.
- If you usually give it once a day: Give the missed dose when you remember during the day, as long as this at least 12 hours before the next dose is due.
Never give a double dose of mycophenolate.
What if I give too much?
It may be dangerous to give too much mycophenolate.
If you think you may have given your child too much mycophenolate, contact your doctor or NHS Direct (0845 4647 in England and Wales; 08454 24 24 24 in Scotland) or take your child to hospital.
Take the medicine container or packet with you, even if it is empty. This will be useful to the doctor. Have the medicine packet with you if you telephone for advice.
Are there any possible side-effects?
We use medicines to make our children better, but sometimes they have other effects that we don’t want (side-effects).
Side-effects you must do something about
If your child gets flu-like symptoms, sore throat, fever (temperature above 38°C) or unusual bruises or bleeding, contact your doctor or take your child to hospital straight away, as there may be a problem with your child’s blood.
If your child gets a rash, has changes to their mood or eyesight, difficulty breathing or chest discomfort, swelling of the feet or ankles, or any difficulty urinating (doing a wee), contact your doctor straight away.
Other side-effects you need to know about
- Your child may get diarrhoea or constipation (difficulty doing a poo), nausea (feel sick) and vomiting (being sick) when they first start taking mycophenolate.
- They may also get tremors, headache or dizziness and may have problems sleeping.
There may, sometimes, be other side-effects that are not listed above. If you notice anything unusual and are concerned, or if any of the side-effects continue for more than a week, contact your doctor.
Can other medicines be given at the same time as mycophenolate?
- You can give your child medicines that contain paracetamol or ibuprofen, unless your doctor has told you not to.
- Mycophenolate should not be taken with some common medicines that you get on prescription. It is important to tell your doctor and pharmacist that your child is taking mycophenolate.
- Check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving any other medicines to your child. This includes herbal or complementary medicines.
Is there anything else I need to know about this medicine?
- Your child’s skin may become more sensitive to sunlight. Keep them out of strong sun. When outdoors, they should wear a long-sleeved top, trousers and a hat and should use a high-factor sun screen (at least SPF 30).
- If your child is due to have an immunisation (vaccination), tell the nurse or doctor that your child is taking mycophenolate.
- Mycophenolate affects your child’s immune system so they may get more infections such as chest infections, coughs and colds. Try to keep your child away from people with serious infections if you can, although they can still go to school or nursery as usual.
If your child comes into contact with anyone who has chickenpox or shingles, contact your doctor straight away, as they may need special preventative treatment.
If you or your child comes into contact with anyone who has measles, contact your doctor, as infections can be more severe.
Because mycophenolate stops the immune system from working properly, it can cause side-effects in people who handle it. For this reason it is important that you wash your hands after handling the capsules, tablets or liquid.
General advice about medicines
- Try to give medicines at about the same times each day, to help you remember.
- If you are not sure a medicine is working, contact your doctor but continue to give the medicine as usual in the meantime. Do not give extra doses, as you may do harm.
- Only give this medicine to your child. Never give it to anyone else, even if their condition appears to be the same, as this could do harm.
If you think someone else may have taken the medicine by accident, contact your doctor straight away.
- Make sure that you always have enough medicine. Order a new prescription at least 2 weeks before you will run out.
- Make sure that the medicine you have at home has not reached the ‘best before’ or ‘use by’ date on the packaging. Give old medicines to your pharmacist to dispose of.
Where I should keep this medicine?
- Keep the medicines in a cupboard, away from heat and direct sunlight. It does not need to be kept in the fridge.
- The liquid medicine should be used within 2 months of being opened.
- Make sure that children cannot see or reach the medicine.
- Keep the medicine in the container it came in.
Who to contact for more information
Your child’s doctor, pharmacist or nurse will be able to give you more information about mycophenolate and other medicines used to treat nephrotic syndrome.
You can also get useful information from:
- NHS Direct (England)
- NHS 24 (Scotland)
08454 24 24 24
- NHS Direct (Wales/Galw Lechyd Cymru)
- NI Direct (Northern Ireland)
- British Kidney Patient Association
- Nephrotic Syndrome Trust
- UK National Kidney Federation
0845 601 02 09
Version 1, May 2012. © NPPG, RCPCH and WellChild 2011, all rights reserved. Reviewed by: May 2015.
The primary source for the information in this leaflet is the British National Formulary for Children. For details on any other sources used for this leaflet, please contact us through our website, www.medicinesforchildren.org.uk.
We take great care to make sure that the information in this leaflet is correct and up-to-date. However, medicines can be used in different ways for different patients. It is important that you ask the advice of your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure about something. This leaflet is about the use of these medicines in the UK, and may not apply to other countries. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), the Neonatal and Paediatric Pharmacists Group (NPPG), WellChild and the contributors and editors cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of information, omissions of information, or any actions that may be taken as a consequence of reading this leaflet.