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Clonidine for Tourette's syndrome, ADHD and sleep-onset disorder

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Clonidine for Tourette’s syndrome, ADHD and sleep-onset disorder

This leaflet is about the use of clonidine for Tourette’s syndrome, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (often shortened to ADHD) and sleep-onset disorder (difficulty getting to sleep).

Information-Standard-logoThis leaflet has been written for parents and carers about how to use this medicine in children. Our information sometimes differs from that provided by the manufacturers, because their information is usually aimed at adult patients. Please read this leaflet carefully. Keep it somewhere safe so that you can read it again.

Do not stop giving clonidine suddenly, as your child’s blood pressure may become dangerously high.

Name of drug

Clonidine
Brand names: Catapres®

Many generic (unbranded) versions are also available.

Why is it important to take this medicine?

  • For children with Tourette’s syndrome, clonidine will help to reduce the severity and frequency of tics.
  • For children with ADHD, clonidine helps to reduce hyperactive symptoms.
  • For children with sleep disorders and difficulty getting to sleep, clonidine will help them fall asleep.

What is clonidine available as?

  • Catapres® tablets: 100 micrograms; these contain gelatine and lactose
  • Generic (non-branded) tablets: 25 micrograms; these contain lactose
  • Liquid medicine can be ordered specially from your pharmacist

When should I give clonidine?

For Tourette’s syndrome and ADHD, clonidine is usually given once a day to start with. This can be in the morning OR the evening.
Your doctor may then suggest that you give it two or three times a day, depending on how much your child  needs.

  • Twice each day: this is once in the morning and once in the evening. Ideally, these times are
  • 10–12 hours apart, for example some time between 7 am and 8 am, and between 7 pm and 8 pm.
  • Three times a day: this should be first thing in the morning, early afternoon (e.g. after school) and at bedtime. Ideally, these times are at least 4 hours apart.

For sleep disorders, clonidine is given once a day, about an hour before bedtime.

Give the medicine at about the same time(s) each day so that this becomes part of your child’s daily routine, which will help you to remember.

How much should I give?

Your doctor will work out the amount of clonidine (the dose) that is right for your child. The dose will be shown on the medicine label. 

It is important that you follow your doctor’s instructions about how much to give.

How should I give it?

TabletsTablets should be swallowed with a glass of water, milk or juice. Your child should not chew the tablet.

You can crush the tablet and mix it with a small amount of soft food such as yogurt, honey or jam. Make sure your child swallows it straight away, without chewing.

Liquid-medicineLiquid medicine: Measure out the right amount using an oral syringe or medicine spoon. You can get these from your pharmacist. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon as it will not give the right amount.

When should the medicine start working?

The medicine should start to work within about 45 minutes of giving it.

What if my child is sick (vomits)?

  • If your child is sick less than 30 minutes after having a dose of clonidine, give them the same dose again. 
  • If your child is sick more than 30 minutes after having a dose of clonidine you do not need to give them another dose. Wait until the next normal dose.

If your child is sick again, seek advice from your GP, pharmacist or hospital. They will decide what to do based on your child’s condition and the specific medicine involved.

What if I forget to give it?

If you usually give it once a day in the morning
Give the missed dose when you remember during the day, as long as this is at least 12 hours before the next dose is due.

If you usually give it once a day in the evening
If you remember before bedtime, give the missed dose. If you remember after this, you do not need to wake your child up to give them the missed dose. If your child is taking clonidine for Tourette’s syndrome or ADHD, you can give the missed dose in the morning, as long as this is at least 12 hours before the next evening dose is due. If your child has clonidine for sleep disorders, you should NOT give the missed dose in the morning.

If you usually give it twice a day
If you remember up to 4 hours after you should have given a dose, give your child the missed dose. For example, if you usually give a dose at about 7 am, you can give the missed dose at any time up to 11 am. If you remember after that time, do not give the missed dose. Wait until the next normal dose.

If you usually give it three times a day
Do not give the missed dose. Give the next dose as normal.

Never give a double dose of clonidine. If you have missed more than one dose, contact your doctor for advice.

What if I give too much?

It may be dangerous to give too much clonidine, as it may make your child’s blood pressure very low (your child will feel dizzy and may faint). If you think you may have given your child too much, contact your doctor or local NHS services (111 in parts of England and Scotland; 0845 46 47 in Wales) or take your child to hospital. 

Take the medicine container or packet with you, even if it is empty. This will be useful to the doctor. Have the medicine package with you if you telephone for advice.

Are there any possible side-effects? 

We use medicines to make our children better, but sometimes they have other effects that we don’t want (side-effects).

  • Your child may have a dry mouth, feel drowsy (sleepy) or dizzy.
  • They may get constipation (difficulty doing a poo).
  • Your child may feel sick (nausea) or be sick (vomit).
  • Your child may get headaches and sometimes feel dizzy due to low blood pressure.
  • Some children become agitated or restlessness at night. 

These side-effects usually wear off as your child’s body gets used to the medicine. If they continue after a week or so, or are a problem, contact your doctor.

There may, sometimes, be other side-effects that are not listed above. If you notice anything unusual and are concerned, contact your doctor. You can report any suspected side-effects to a UK safety scheme at http://www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.

Can other medicines be given at the same time?

  • You can give your child medicines that contain paracetamol or ibuprofen, unless your doctor has told you not to.
  • Clonidine should not be taken with some medicines that you get on prescription. Tell your doctor and pharmacist about any other medicines your child is taking before giving clonidine. 
  • Check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving any other medicines to your child. This includes herbal or complementary medicines.

Is there anything else I need to know about this medicine?

Do not stop giving clonidine to your child suddenly, as their blood pressure may become dangerously high.

  • If you or your child wants to stop this medicine, discuss this with your doctor. They will explain how to reduce the dose bit by bit. Do not reduce the dose without discussing this with your doctor.
  • Clonidine is also used to treat a range of other conditions, such as high blood pressure and pain.

General advice about medicines

  • Try to give medicines at about the same times each day, to help you remember.
  • Only give this medicine to your child. Never give it to anyone else, even if their condition appears to be the same, as this could do harm.

If you think someone else may have taken the medicine by accident, contact your doctor straight away.

  • Make sure that you always have enough medicine. Order a new prescription at least 2 weeks before you will run out. Specially ordered liquid medicine can take longer.
  • Make sure that the medicine you have at home has not reached the ‘best before’ or ‘use by’ date on the packaging. Give old medicines to your pharmacist to dispose of.

Where should I keep this medicine? 

  • Keep the medicine in a cupboard, away from heat and direct sunlight. It does not need to be kept in the fridge.
  • Make sure that children cannot see or reach the medicine.
  • Keep the medicine in the container it came in.

Who to contact for more information 

Your doctor, pharmacist or nurse will be able to give you more information about clonidine and about other medicines used to treat Tourette’s syndrome, ADHD and sleep-onset disorder.

You can also get useful information from: 
Publication date: 
25/07/2014

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